Today, I’ll explain the final step of the installing kubernetes dashboard. You can control the pods and nodes using the kubectl in the terminal. However you must query the name with hash code and retype that name to manipulate pods or nodes. This is a bit inconvenient with typing fault or tiring from lots of key typing. Kubernetes dashboard is very helpful interface to control and monitoring pods. You can see detail settings, status, and event messages.

  1. Creating Self-Signed Certification for Local HTTPS Environment
  2. Installing Ingress-Nginx on the Private Network
  3. Install and Access Kubernetes Dashboard

Install Kubernetes Dashboard

Through all of my post, I always download YAML files before install a pods and assign registry address to the image address.


The metrics-scraper of the default YAML file has some x86_64 binaries, and it raises some errors on the Raspberry Pi. So that, you should change the image tag (metrics-scraper’s version) to v1.0.2.

--- k8s-dashboard-origin.yaml 2019-12-30 00:21:50.261535225 +0900
+++ k8s-dashboard.yaml 2019-12-30 00:21:31.909853184 +0900
@@ -187,7 +187,7 @@
         - name: kubernetes-dashboard
-          image: kubernetesui/dashboard:v2.0.0-beta8
+          image:
           imagePullPolicy: Always
             - containerPort: 8443
@@ -271,7 +271,7 @@
         - name: dashboard-metrics-scraper
-          image: kubernetesui/metrics-scraper:v1.0.1
+          image:
             - containerPort: 8000
               protocol: TCP

After change the YAML file, apply that to install dashboard.

Connect the dashboard to the ingress

Next we apply the Ingress spec to connect dashboard through the Ingress. Many latest browsers doesn’t support the HTTP(80) connection to a site because of the HSTS. So, we apply the certification file as a secret in the kubernetes-dashboard namespace for the HTTPS(443) access. While apply the ingress spec, we will add the secret information at the ingress spec file. In this post, I use the secret name as tls-dashboard.

kubectl -n kubernetes-dashboard create secret tls tls-dashboard --key {key file} --cert {cert file};

Now, we prepare the Ingress spec file to connect the dash board with ingress service. Following option values should be set in the metadata or spec info.

  1. metadata.annotation.'': "HTTPS" Kubernetes dashboard uses HTTPS as default, so add the backend-protocol options for the ingress communicates with the dashboard.
  2. spec.tls.secretName: tls-dashboard Assign the secret information for HTTPS certification.
  3. spec.rules.http.paths.path: / Assign root path of dashboard. Using the url path shows connection fail in my environment. So, I use a specific domain name to classify the services, and use root path for each sub-domain.
  4. spec.rules.http.pashs.path.backend.servicePort: 443 Use the 443 port for HTTPS.
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Ingress
  name: kubernetes-dashboard-ingress
  namespace: kubernetes-dashboard
  annotations: nginx "HTTPS"
  - hosts:
    - "{domain}"
    secretName: tls-dashboard
  - host: "{domain}"
      - path: /
          serviceName: kubernetes-dashboard
          servicePort: 443

Store this spec file ans apply to the dashboard. Now we can connect the dashboard through the host’s domain address and you can see following login interface.


Create Sample Account

Now we should create user account and assign role to login the dashboard. Please read the recommended article and create sample account.

Create service account

First, make following the service account YAML file and apply it to make user admin-user for kubernetes-dashboard.

apiVersion: v1
kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kubernetes-dashboard

Create ClusterRoldBinding

To control the cluster, we assign cluster-admin role of ClusterRole to the admin-user account. We used the kubeadm to setup the k8s, cluster-admin role already exists in the cluster.

Before making and applying the role binding YAML, please check the version of k8s since the apiVersion of ClusterRoleBinding resource may differ between k8s versions. Check the article at Creating sample user.

kind: ClusterRoleBinding
  name: admin-user
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: cluster-admin
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: admin-user
  namespace: kubernetes-dashboard

Also, apply ClusterRoleBinding resources to the cluster.

Retreaving Token

To login the k8s dashboard, we should find the token. Run following command to get the token.

kubectl -n kubernetes-dashboard describe secret $(kubectl -n kubernetes-dashboard get secret | grep admin-user | awk '{print $1}');

The kubectl should print token information like:

Name:         admin-user-token-4swzq
Namespace:    kubernetes-dashboard
Labels:       <none>
Annotations: admin-user


namespace:  20 bytes
token:      eyJhbGciOiJSUzI1.......(skip long text)
ca.crt:     1025 bytes

Copy the very long token’s value and paste that on the login screan.